Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is a disease in which your pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or your body does not properly use the insulin it makes. Glucose builds up in your blood instead of being used for energy.

Your body gets energy by making glucose from foods like bread, potatoes, rice, pasta, milk and fruit. To use this glucose, your body needs a hormone called insulin which helps your body control the level of glucose (sugar) in your blood. If you have type 2 diabetes, glucose builds up in your blood instead of being used for energy.

Over time, high blood glucose levels can cause complications such as blindness, heart disease, kidney problems, nerve damage and erectile dysfunction.

Type 2 diabetes is a progressive, life-long condition; over time, it may be more difficult to keep your blood glucose levels in your target range. You can take these following steps to help manage your diabetes and maintain your overall health and wellness:

  • Eat healthy meals and snacks
  • Enjoy regular physical activity
  • Taking diabetes medications (including insulin), if prescribed by your doctor
  • Don’t smoke
  • Follow a balanced meal plan
  • Be physically active
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Take your medication as prescribed
  • Manage your stress effectively
  • Keep your blood pressure close to target level
  • Check your blood glucose levels regularly and keep them within your
    target range
  • Keep your cholesterol and other blood fats within your target range
  • Take care of your feet
  • In addition to regular check-ups with your doctor, also include regular
    visits to your dentist and eye care specialist (every one to two years)

Your diabetes healthcare team can answer all your questions about how to manage your diabetes well. Depending on your needs and the resources available in your community, your team might include Pharmacist, Foot care specialist, Endocrinologist, Eye care specialist and your family doctor.